Archive for the 'WHITE HOUSE RACE' Category

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Clinton is being urged to challenge the results in three key states

Wednesday, November 23rd, 2016

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NYMag.Com

Interesting report overnight suggesting that there might have been irregularities in three key states which could turn the election.

It is very hard to draw conclusions from this but where votes are cast electronically and there is no paper trail of a ballot paper then the potential for issues and possible hacking will exist. This is one reason why I prefer the British method of ballot papers.

The pressure is on all parties to ensure a smooth transition and it would be hard politically for Hillary at this stage to mount such a challenge.

Questions about the legitimacy of the outcome could, however, dog the Trump administration in the four years ahead.

Mike Smithson




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If you’re expecting final WH2016 vote totals quickly don’t hold your breath. In 2012 we had to wait till January

Tuesday, November 15th, 2016

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After election night in 2012 Obama was 2% ahead in the popular vote. By January 2013 it reached 3.85%

At the 2012 White House Race we had a very special reason on PB to pay close attention to the precise national popular vote numbers in the period after the election.

William Hill had offered £1,000 in free bets and the competition was to predict the winning national vote margin to two decimal points.

My naive assumption in devising it like this was that we’d have the final numbers within a couple of days and the prizes could be handed over.

Not so. The process of gathering in the data to produce a definitive competition verdict took weeks and we had the wonderful spectacle of entrants thinking they’d overshot, getting excited as the total moved up to their number and then disappointed as it went past.

In the end we had to wait until early in the New Year to get the final count. Amazingly Obama’s margin went from 2% on election night to 3.85% at the end.

I was grateful during this period for PBer Andy JS who played a huge role monitoring changing totals from across the US and maintaining a publicly available spreadsheet.

This time there was no competition but the final Hillary Clinton vote lead will be politically important.

Mike Smithson




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The New Political Divide, Part III

Monday, November 14th, 2016

 

If the first part of this ramble was about the expanse of this divide, and the second wondered what opened it, this is prodding at how deep it runs through society.

As political analysts come out of their bunkers try and grapple with what this election really means (beyond the stark fact of President Donald J Trump). We will hear about the need to understand the flyover states, non college-educated whites. Feelings on globalisation and immigration will be used to connect two events that feel very similar without being ostensibly connected. Lines will be drawn to “the rising tide of populism” across various parts of the world, a “western spring” perhaps.

It’s that ephemeral feeling rather than the analytical nuts and bolts that is the most fascinating political (although it feels more cultural than political) development to follow. Not least because it seems to contain an insurgency against analysis itself. In 2008 it seemed that we had solved elections, the models were now so good they should come with spoiler warnings for people wanted to enjoy the suspense of a traditional election night. These results were in so many senses losers being beaten by what they didn’t understand, and winners being surprised by their victory.

Shell-shocked pollsters have thrown out the idea that Trump supporters systematically refused to talk to pollsters they identified with the establishment they opposed (and that is a problem with no easy solution). It’s now impossible to be neutral observers, there are no refs, judges, or scorekeepers anymore. Or rather they’ve found themselves swallowed up by the playing field in may cases against their will.

When political discourse devolves into “if you aren’t with us you’re against us” then everyone is a target, and the defining point of this election (and a major point in Brexit) was whom are you against. The distant dictators of the elites in media and government faced off against the fruitcakes and deplorables with neither having a great interest in understanding another point of view, let alone compromise. The opposition is now the enemy.

I suspect analysis will show a greater clustering of supporters than ever. I mean this both in the geographic sense of precincts but also culturally, as we’ve built our own echo chambers. People don’t just fear the people who vote differently they’re also mystified by them. They don’t think they know people who could think so differently to themselves and can’t work out how you could believe such things. It’s impolite to discuss politics in person so it is sectioned off to online bubbles of personal profiles of people who think alike and in that small consensus lose connection with how anyone could think otherwise. They’re staring at caricatured shadows on a cave wall, horrified by the results produced from a source they can’t comprehend.

The bonds of a society are common experiences and common values. There might be different perspectives but you’re at least looking at the same thing. It’s a common observation that we’ve seen a cultural fracturing in recent years, everything is now on-demand, accessible, and tailor-made. You don’t need to ask if it’ll play in Peoria when you’re aiming your album or tv show at a small select segment of society. When an inherently national cultural event like a presidential election squashes everyone back together again divides are converted into clashes. Familiarity may breed contempt but distance gives rise to de-legitimisation and de-humanisation. The humanity of your neighbour is firmly established in a way that unseen opposing voters you hear about cannot be.

Trump’s victory speech felt like an echo of Margaret Thatcher declaring she wanted to bring harmony to replace discord, with Trump as with Thatcher, harmony seems a long, long, way off.

Corporeal



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The New Political Divide, Part II – trying to make sense of WH2016

Sunday, November 13th, 2016

 

If the new battleground is of the elites and the insurgents we need to consider where it came from, whether the seeds of it were present earlier than this run of electoral victories. The Tea Party has disappeared in name but Trump is a strong spiritual successor, while the Occupy movement shows how insurgency and elites is a dividing line that runs across rather than between left and right. In a different world (perhaps one where Democratic party grandees had as little power as Republican ones) we would’ve seen Bernie Sanders take on Trump in an unlikely insurgency showdown (and no certain winner).

If that had happened both would’ve seemed odd choices to lead revolutions. White male New Yorkers, one born a billionaire while the other spent a lifetime in politics they’d ostensibly carry the establishment hallmarks stamped firmly on them. But perhaps we’re overlooking a much more likely figure who marked the start of this shift.

The Clinton campaign was looking to revive the Obama coalition to carry her to election victory. The coalition that, when it emerged, was hailed as the demographic engine that would drive an era of Democratic victories until the Republicans transformed themselves in the wilderness. The coalition that has never really showed up when Obama himself was leading the way, not in the mid-terms and not now (Sean Trende may yet be hailed as a prophet). What we should’ve been focusing on is the ability of Obama to be a candidate of disuption, and insurgency (there’s that word again).

Obama won not on policies, but the promise of change and the idea he was a voice for the outsiders. He leveraged the force of his personality and his persona into comfortable victories for himself, but couldn’t pass those voters on. There were many voters on Tuesday who were happy with Obama’s performance but didn’t associate that satisfaction with his Secretary of State. The traditional strategy of running the lieutenant of a popular president came unstuck, Hilary Clinton proved far more popular in office than on campaign. She’s no-one’s idea of a natural campaigner to say the least.

There have been suggestions that gender bias is at play here, while the hard analysis examining it provides rather more mixed results.

Clinton was able to use the brute force of her competence to get past Bernie Sanders, and almost did so against Trump she was always swimming against the current. She thought she was speaking to an electorate with an emerging consensus in favour of Democratic policies, she found she was speaking at an electorate who wanted another cycle of revolution. Perhaps she was the ideal candidate for a different political era, or had this era come at a different time in her life she would have suited it better.

Perhaps if James Comey doesn’t write a letter she makes it all the way upstream to the White House, perhaps if she wasn’t facing Trump she’d never have been in the race at all. There is so much noise, sound, and fury in these results we should be wary and hesitant (we rarely are, but we should be) of reading too much into them. But the overriding signal is clear as if it was shouted in chorus. Something is wrong.

Which is about as big a simplification as you can get, but then there are ever only really two kinds of elections. “Things are alright” and “something must change”. Hilary Clinton fought the first and ultimately wrong one. It seems like we’re in an era of “something must change” elections (for some, for many it’s probably closer to something must change back) and it looks unlikely to break that pattern any time soon. Or perhaps this was just a presidential election swung by a picture of a penis.

Corporeal



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Trying to make sense of Tuesday’s dramatic result

Friday, November 11th, 2016

In the first of three articles by long-time PBer Corporeal

This piece is going to have a lot more questions than answers in it.

The defining factor of any political era is not who is winning elections but how are they fought and what they are fought over. What are the battlegrounds. It’s a question you can look at in many ways. Demographic battles over a cast of proverbial characters are fought out in bellwether constituencies on touchstone issues.

In this latest election some of these are familiar, Ohio and Florida have been key bellwethers once more, while other traditional perspectives don’t fit as well as they used to. The narrative of the ‘left-behind’ is already in force, we await more detailed analysis (and no doubt there will be a race for the first blog post, the first academic paper, the first book to explain everything,) but Eric Kaufmann lays out the case against economic explanations of Trump support.

Traditional voting justifications they hardly do better. Little time was spent with the candidates or their proxies fighting it out over ideology. Hilary Clinton tried to make it about competency wih some success, the popular vote looks like a dead heat after all. But if you listened to the voters you heard Clinton voters talk about Trump’s incompetence, while Trump voters talked about Clinton’s status as a member of the elite establishment. Aloof, untouchable, arrogantly insulated from criminal prosecution, economic pain or cultural shifts that mattered to them.

In a culture increasingly obsessed with authenticity from its music to its coffee, Hilary Clinton’s campaign was dogged by secret speeches, public/private views, personal email servers, and could never escape the attacks that she had things to hide. On SNL we saw her satirised as a scripted, and robotic. The Donald was often off-message, frequently erratic, and sometimes outright offensive but never inauthentic (compare Boris Johnson and Nigel Farage, and consider if  other types of candidates could get away with similar things). He was mocked as a cartoon character but in the end was more like a drunk uncle and as such was familiar, recognisable, real in a warts and all manner. Perhaps there’s a desire for more humanity and less artificial sheen in politicans (a word that’s become an insult).

There are always a range of reasons for a candidate’s support, they’re rightly called coalitions (and from recent experience we know those don’t always contain comfortable bedfellows). Some of Donald Trump’s supporters are openly sexist, some of them are blatantly racist, some have a more general sense of discomfort that the country they thought they knew looks and sounds a lot different than it did when they were growing up. Some will have been voting on traditional anti-abortion and pro-life issues. We should not be so lazy as to conflate these groups (elections are never just about the Mondeo Man). The insurgents and elites feels like the dominant narrative because it rings so very loudly in the places and people that swung against Clinton either by staying home or voting Trump.

Clinton lost because she couldn’t get a lot of Obama voters to turnout for her, and many of those that did only did so because of Trump. The main focus will be on dissecting the Trump voter when the more important point is the search for the missing Democrats.

Through the twentieth century we’ve been used to the young and the (small l) liberal  pushing against the boundaries set and policed by more conservative elements of society (and in the USA this is often the divide between coastal and landlocked states). They were the ones doing and saying ‘outrageous’ things and were marked as extreme for it. It’s a set-up that placed the apparent centre of cultural power in that (small c) conservative culture of America’s heartland. It’s a set-up that seems to have flipped in recent years, it’s become the children policing their parents. Telling them they can’t think this, shouldn’t say that, and certainly mustn’t support them because that is culturally unacceptable. It’s hard to attract the support of people who feel like you’re demonising, mocking, and condescending to people like them.

The electorate hasn’t changed much in the four years since Barack Obama won re-election, we’re just seeing a different view of it. If white non-college educated voters are acting like a minority it’s because they feel like a minority. America’s heartland feels marginalised and they’re lashing out.

Corporeal



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What Trump was Tweeting at WH2012 when it appeared for a time that Romney would win the popular vote but not the presidency

Thursday, November 10th, 2016

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How would he have reacted if this had happened to him yesterday?

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CNN



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How Clinton apathy delivered the presidency for Trump

Thursday, November 10th, 2016

time

Keiran Pedley looks at some initial numbers suggesting a lack of enthusiasm for Clinton handed Trump the White House on Tuesday.

After Tuesday night’s astonishing victory for Donald Trump you get the feeling that the fallout has only just begun. Analysts and pundits on all sides of the politial spectrum are trying to come to terms with what happened and there is likely to be an intense political fallout on the Democratic side with far reaching, long term implications for the party.

So what do we know? I have taken a look at some of the initial voting numbers which suggest a lack of enthusiasm for Clinton delivered the White House (astonishingly) for Donald Trump rather than his own popularity.

The ‘horse race’

If we look at the national popular vote much has already been made of the fact that Clinton actually won more votes than Trump. The count is ongoing so exact figures will change even if this fact itself will not. The below table shows the popular vote shares at the time of writing compared to 2012.

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Interestingly, Trump actually got less votes than Mitt Romney in 2012 but this is far outweighed by the fact that Clinton got more than 6 million fewer votes than Obama. America’s general dissatisfaction with both candidates is clearly on display too as we observe significant vote increases for other candidates such as Gary Johnson and Jill Stein.

My initial reading of these numbers is that far from a ‘working class revolution’ instigated by Donald Trump, who actually achieved less votes than Romney in 2012, the outcome of the 2016 election can be best explained by a lack of enthusiasm for Clinton and the inability of Democrats to get people to vote for her. The Republican vote seems to have held up reasonably well but the Democrats are missing more than 6 million votes from 2012. This may come down as the vote is counted but it is the debate over those missing votes that will surely dominate the Democrats coming post mortem for months and years to come.

Examining the ‘rust belt’

But if Clinton actually won the popular vote then how do we explain her Electoral College defeat? We know that Clinton’s so-called rust-belt ‘firewall’ was breached but what do the numbers tell us? The below tables show the vote shares and totals for the major party candidates for the past four elections in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Again, in some cases these numbers will not be final for 2016.

As you might expect there is a different story to tell in different states. However, in many cases again, it is lost Democrat votes rather than surges in support for Donald Trump that explain Clinton’s defeat.

Wisconsin (10 votes)

This trend is especially evident in Wisconsin where the Republican vote barely moved from 2012 but Clinton’s vote saw a significant drop handing Trump the state.

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Michigan (16 votes)

Michigan is similar too. Trump increases Romney’s vote but he is still behind George W Bush whilst Clinton scores significantly worse than both Obama and also John Kerry, who actually carried the state over Bush in 2004.

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Ohio (18 votes)

A similar pattern is observed in Ohio. A modest increase for Trump (again with less votes than Bush in 2004) appears less significant than Clinton’s lost votes when compared to Obama’s tally in 2012.

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Pennsylvania (20 votes)

In Pennsylvania things are slightly different. Trump does seem to do much better than Romney, McCain and even Bush whilst Clinton posts similar votes to Obama in 2012 but nowhere near his strong performance in 2008. This shows we can’t underplay the appeal of Trump but nevertheless it hardly seems he has been swept to power on a tide of popularity in the mid-west either.

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The above numbers do not explain Trump’s victory entirely. More work will need to be done to explain whether the Democratic vote stayed at home or whether it did turn up but voted for other candidates instead. Based on what we know it would be reasonable to suggest that both forces were at play. We also need to further examine which demographic groups delivered victory for Trump.

However, the important fact to grasp is that if Clinton had matched Obama’s 2012 vote in the above states then she would have won the White House. Therefore it would appear that apathy (or animosity) towards Clinton rather than Trump’s personal popularity explains why Trump is now the U.S. president-elect. This is likely to only add fuel to the fire for those suggesting that Clinton was the wrong nominee for the Democrats this cycle.

Keiran presents the Polling Matters podcast and tweets about politics and elections @Keiranpedley

 



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Anatomy of parts of the biggest ever political betting event

Wednesday, November 9th, 2016

The total amount matched was £199,232,591

The reason the Clinton and Trump amount figures in the charts don’t add up to the overall total is that there were, of course, other possible and actual contenders.

    Another bookie, Sporting Index, has reported a successful US presidential election night with Donald Trump’s win set to result in a six figure profit for the leading spread betting company. I am sure that all PBers will be delighted to hear that news!

Normally bookies only ever tell us when they have lost almost never when they have won.

The firm were best price on Hillary Clinton for two months and still ended up with a pro-Hillary book. There was unprecedented interest in the election and a huge number of bets were taken after 10pm on Tuesday all the way through to the early hours.

Mike Smithson